A. 分詞構文<1>…過去分詞を用いる場合
  1. Shocked to hear the bad news, my mother suddenly began crying.
    (= My mother was shocked to hear the bad news, so she suddenly began crying.)
  2. The route, covered in stages, climbs over France’s toughest mountains.
  3. Injured, the soccer player continued to play.
  4. Not seen off by anyone, Aiko flew from Narita.
B. 命令形 + and[or]
  1. Love others, and you will be loved by them.
    (=If you love others, you will be loved by them.)
  2. Lose too much time, and you are out of the Tour.
  3. Hurry up, or you will miss the train.
    (=If you do not hurry up, you will miss the train.)